Community Prosecution and Project Safe Neighborhoods
Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC
on Jun 24, 2005
Purpose of this program:
The program initially started as a community prosecution effort to support state and local efforts to address crime by emphasizing the participation of community leaders and residents in developing strategies for public safety with prosecutors and other community justice system officials. The program served as a mechanism for community participation that allows communities to identify local priorities and engage in problem solving and strategic planning, as well as regular communication between the prosecutor's office and community residents. Community Gun Violence Prosecution program was designed to provide funding to chief prosecutors across the country and to assist them in hiring assistant prosecutors who will be dedicated to the prosecution of firearm-related violent crime. Project Safe Neighborhoods is a nationwide commitment and a comprehensive, strategic approach to reducing gun violence in America by networking existing local programs that target gun crime and providing those programs with additional tools.
Possible uses and use restrictions...
The Community Prosecution program focuses on problem solving, strategic planning, and working in partnership with the community to prevent crime and violence and improve public safety. The Community Gun Violence Prosecution program allocates resources directly to chief prosecutors across the country to improve the long-term ability of prosecution agencies to more fully address the issue of firearm-related violent crime within their jurisdictions. Project Safe Neighborhoods is a new national strategy designed to remove gun wielding criminals from the streets and local neighborhoods. In addition to hiring new prosecutors, the funds will be available to support investigations, provide training, and develop community outreach efforts that will promote and improve public safety.
Who is eligible to apply...
State, county, city, and tribal public prosecutor offices, including State attorney general offices that have responsibility for prosecuting matters involving firearm-related violent crime.
Eligible applicants must provide a budget submission.
Note:This is a brief description of the credentials or documentation required prior to, or along with, an application for assistance.
About this section:
This section indicates who can apply to the Federal government for assistance and the criteria the potential applicant must satisfy.
For example, individuals may be eligible for research grants, and the criteria to be satisfied may be that they have a professional or scientific degree,
3 years of research experience, and be a citizen of the United States. Universities, medical schools, hospitals, or State and local governments may also be eligible.
Where State governments are eligible, the type of State agency will be indicated (State welfare agency or State agency on aging) and the criteria that they
Certain federal programs (e.g., the Pell Grant program which provides grants to students) involve intermediate levels of application processing, i.e., applications
are transmitted through colleges or universities that are neither the direct applicant nor the ultimate beneficiary. For these programs,
the criteria that the intermediaries must satisfy are also indicated, along with intermediaries who are not eligible.
How to apply...
The application procedure and time lines will be contained in the program solicitation. Concept papers are initially received by peer panels, then reviewed within the agency for final selections. Community Gun Violence Prosecution Program applications are submitted via the Internet-based Office of Justice Programs (OJP) at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/BJA.
Note: Each program will indicate whether applications are to be submitted to the Federal headquarters, regional or local office, or to a State or local government office.
BJA reviews applications for completeness, accuracy, and compliance with all program requirements. Upon approval by the Assistant Attorney General, OJP, award letters and award documents are sent to grantee. One copy of grant award must be signed by duly authorized representative and returned to BJA.
Note: Grant payments may be made by a letter of credit, advance by Treasury check, or reimbursement by Treasury check.
Awards may be made by the headquarters office directly to the applicant, an agency field office, a regional office,
or by an authorized county office. The assistance may pass through the initial applicant for further distribution by
intermediate level applicants to groups or individuals in the private sector.
Deadlines and process...
Contact BJA for deadline information.
When available, this section indicates the deadlines for applications to the funding agency which will
be stated in terms of the date(s) or between what dates the application should be received.
When not available, applicants should contact the funding agency for deadline information.
Range of Approval/Disapproval Time
Normally 120 days after receipt of applications.
The Community Prosecution program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372 "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in their respective states for more information on the process the state requires to be followed in applying for assistance. The standard application forms (SF-424) as furnished by the Federal agency in accordance with 28 CFR, Part 66 (Common Rule), must be used for this program.
This section indicates whether any prior coordination or approval is required with governmental or nongovernmental units
prior to the submission of a formal application to the federal funding agency.
In some cases, there are no provisions for appeal. Where applicable, this section discusses appeal procedures or allowable rework time for resubmission
of applications to be processed by the funding agency. Appeal procedures vary with individual programs and are either listed in this section or
applicants are referred to appeal procedures documented in the relevant Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).
In some instances, renewal procedures may be the same as for the application procedure, e.g., for projects of a non-continuing nature renewals will be treated as new, competing applications; for projects of an ongoing nature, renewals may be given annually.
Who can benefit...
State and local governments, public and private organizations, Indian Tribal government, prosecutor offices.
About this section:
This section lists the ultimate beneficiaries of a program, the criteria they must satisfy and who specifically is not eligible. The applicant and beneficiary will generally be the same for programs that provide assistance directly from a Federal agency. However, financial assistance that passes through State or local governments will have different applicants and beneficiaries since the assistance is transmitted to private sector beneficiaries who are not obligated to request or apply for the assistance.
What types of assistance...
The funding, for fixed or known periods, of specific projects. Project grants can include fellowships, scholarships, research grants, training grants, traineeships, experimental and demonstration grants, evaluation grants, planning grants, technical assistance grants, survey grants, and construction grants.
How much financial aid...
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
Prior awards have ranged from approximately $50,000 to $200,000. The Community Gun Violence Prosecution program maximum is $240,000 for jurisdictions with population 149,999 and under; $480,000 for jurisdictions 150,000 and above.
This section lists the representative range (smallest to largest) of the amount of financial assistance available. These figures are based upon funds awarded in the past fiscal year and the current fiscal year to date. Also indicated is an approximate average amount of awards which were made in the past and current fiscal years.
(Grants) FY 03 $5,982,075; FY 04 est $3,687,000; and FY 05 est $33,482,000.
The dollar amounts listed in this section represent obligations for the past fiscal year (PY), estimates for the current fiscal year (CY), and estimates for the budget fiscal year (BY) as reported by the Federal agencies. Obligations for non-financial assistance programs indicate the administrative expenses involved in the operation of a program.
Note: This 11-digit budget account identification code represents the account which funds a particular program.
This code should be consistent with the code given for the program area as specified in Appendix III of the Budget of the United States Government.
Examples of funded projects...
About this section
This section indicates the different types of projects which have been funded in the past. Only projects funded under Project Grants or Direct Payments for Specified Use should be listed here. The examples give potential applicants an idea of the types of projects that may be accepted for funding. The agency should list at least five examples of the most recently funded projects.
As of fiscal year 2001, 34 awards were made and over 60 additional jurisdictions were selected for award based on the fiscal year 2000 solicitation. In addition, training and technical assistance is being provided to the participating sites. In fiscal year 2001, BJA expects to make both supplemental and new site awards.
Criteria for selecting proposals...
For competitive grants, criteria for selecting proposals is contained within the individual program solicitations. For non-competitive grants, applications received by BJA are reviewed for completeness, accuracy, and compliance with all program requirements.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Varies, depending on program goals and objectives; generally, 12 to 18 months.
Formula and Matching Requirements
Grants may be made for amounts up to 100 per cent of the costs of the programs or projects contained in the approved applications.
A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.
Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.
In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.
Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.
Post assistance requirements...
Unless otherwise specified in the awards special conditions, financial reports are due quarterly and progress reports are due semi-annually. In some cases, evaluation reports may be required.
This section indicates whether program reports, expenditure reports, cash reports or performance monitoring are required by the Federal funding agency, and specifies at what time intervals (monthly, annually, etc.) this must be accomplished.
In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A- 133 (Revised, June 24, 1997), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations, nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $300,000 or more in federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $300,000 a year in federal awards are exempt from federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.
This section discusses audits required by the Federal agency.
The procedures and requirements for State and local governments and nonprofit entities are set forth in OMB Circular No. A-133.
These requirements pertain to awards made within the respective State's fiscal year - not the Federal fiscal year,
as some State and local governments may use the calendar year or other variation of time span designated as the fiscal year period,
rather than that commonly known as the Federal fiscal year (from October 1st through September 30th).
Recipients of federal funds are expected to retain documentation supporting all program transactions for at least three years after the closure of audit reports related to such funding. If any litigation, claim, negotiation, audit, or other action involving records has been started before the expiration of the three year period, the records must be retained until completion of the action and resolution of all related issues, or until the end of the regular three year period, whichever is later.
This section indicates the record retention requirements and the type of records the Federal agency may require.
Not included are the normally imposed requirements of the General Accounting Office.
For programs falling under the purview of OMB Circular No. A-102, record retention is set forth in Attachment C.
For other programs, record retention is governed by the funding agency's requirements.
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended, Title I; 42 U.S.C. 50 et seq.; Crime Control Act of 1990, Public Law 101-647; Appropriations Act of 2001, Public Law 106-553; Appropriations Act of 2002, Public Law 107-77.
This section lists the legal authority upon which a program is based (acts, amendments to acts, Public Law numbers, titles, sections, Statute Codes, citations to the U.S. Code, Executive Orders, Presidential Reorganization Plans, and Memoranda from an agency head).
Regulations, Guidelines, And Literature
Office of Justice Programs Financial Guide and Handbook 4500.2c, Policies and Procedure for the Administration of OJP Grants, are applicable.